Two Chinese activists, both recognized as refugees, are at risk of torture and other ill-treatment after being deported from Thailand. Chinese activists Jiang Yefei and Dong Guangping are at grave risk of torture and other ill-treatment, as well as unfair trials in China after having been deported from Thailand by local authorities. They had been arrested by Thai authorities on 28 October 2015 for not having valid visas. Their families have not received official notice of their deportation, which took place between 12 and 16 November, and neither have their families been able to contact them since 5 November. Both men had previously been detained in China for their peaceful activism. Jiang Yefei, was detained and tortured in China in May and August of 2008 after criticizing the official response to the 2008 earthquake in China's Sichuan province. He fled to Thailand with his wife shortly after and in April 2015, was granted refugee status by the UNHCR. Dong Guangping was detained by Chinese authorities from May 2014 to February 2015 after participating in an event commemorating victims of the 1989 Tiananmen Square crackdown. He arrived in Thailand with his wife and daughter in September this year to escape harassment. At the time of his arrest, he had a pending request for refugee status with UNHCR. This has since been approved. For violating immigration laws and failing to pay fines related to this, Jiang Yefei and Dong Guangping were supposed to be held in a Bangkok prison until 20 November and 25 November respectively, during which the UNHCR could handle their resettlement to a third country that would ensure their protection. Unidentified individuals unknown to either men or their families made unsolicited payments of the fines on 6 November. This led to the men being transferred immediately to the immigration detention centre and their deportation a few days later. Take action now on their behalf and demand that they are immediately released unless they are charged with an internationally recognizable criminal offence. They should also not be subjected to torture or other ill-treatment while being detained.